ZhETF, Vol. 136,
p. 197 (July 2009)
(English translation - JETP,
Vol. 109, No. 1,
available online at www.springer.com
BEHAVIOR OF INCLUSIONS WITH DIFFERENT VALUE AND ORIENTATION OF TOPOLOGICAL DIPOLES IN FERROELECTRIC SMECTIC FILMS
Dolganov P.V., Dolganov V.K., Cluzeau P.
Received: February 24, 2009
PACS: 61.30.Jf, 61.30.Gd, 81.16.Dn
Cholesteric droplets in ferroelectric free-standing films with tunable anchoring on the droplet boundary are investigated. A droplet and satellite topological defect(s) form a topological dipole. We obtained droplets with different angles α between two radial lines from the droplet center to -1/2 topological defects. Droplets with parallel dipoles form linear chains in which the interparticle distances decrease with increasing the defect angle α. For the first time, the dependence of the interparticle distance on the angle between topological defects was measured. We can adjust the magnitude and orientation of topological dipoles formed by the droplets. For the first time, the droplets with antiparallel topological dipoles were prepared in a smectic film. Interaction of the droplets with parallel and antiparallel dipoles differs drastically. Formation of antiparallel dipoles leads to a decomposition of the droplet pairs and chains of droplets. Our observations may be used to change the magnitude, anisotropy of the interparticle interaction, and structures from inclusions in liquid crystal media.