ZhETF, Vol. 128,
p. 381 (August 2005)
(English translation - JETP,
Vol. 101, No. 2,
available online at www.springer.com
ON THE NEED FOR PHENOMENOLOGICAL THEORY OF P-VORTICES, OR DOES SPAGHETTI CONFINEMENT PATTERN ADMIT CONDENSED-MATTER ANALOGUES?
Mironov A., Morozov A., Tomaras T.N.
Received: January 20, 2005
PACS: 11.15.-q, 12.38.Aw, 12.38.Gc, 71.45.Lr
The intuition from condensed matter physics is commonly used to provide the ideas for possible confinement mechanisms in gauge theories. Today, with a clear but puzzling «spaghetti» confinement pattern arising from a decade of lattice computer experiments and implying formation of a fluctuating net of peculiar magnetic vortices rather than condensation of homogeneously distributed magnetic monopoles, the time is coming to reverse the logic and search for similar patterns in condensed matter systems. The main effect to be sought in a condensed matter setup is the simultaneous existence of narrow tubes (P-vortices or 1-branes) of the direction-changing electric field and broader tubes (Abrikosov lines) of the magnetic field, a pattern dual to the one presumably underlying the confinement in gluodynamics. As one possible place for this search, we suggest the systems with coexisting charge-density waves and superconductivity.