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ZhETF, Vol. 121, No. 1, p. 210 (January 2002)
(English translation - JETP, Vol. 94, No. 1, p. 178, January 2002 available online at )

Kovaleva N.N., Gavartin J.L., Shluger A.L., Boris A.V., Stoneham A.M.

Received: April 12, 2001

PACS: 75.30.Vn, 71.55.Ht, 78.40.Ha

DJVU (182K) PDF (398.5K)

We explore the role of electronic and ionic polarization energies in the physics of the «colossal» magnetoresistive (CMR) materials. We use the Mott-Littleton approach to evaluate polarization energies in the LaMnO3 lattice associated with holes localized on both the Mn3+ cation and O2- anion. The full (electronic and ionic) lattice relaxation energy for a hole localized at the O site is estimated as 2.4 eV, which is appreciably greater than that of 0.8 eV for a hole localized at the Mn site, indicating a strong electron-phonon interaction in the former case. The ionic relaxation around the localized holes differs for the anion and cation holes. The relaxation associated with Mn4+ is approximately isotropic, whereas ionic displacements around O- holes show axial symmetry with the axis directed towards the apical oxygens. Using the Born-Haber cycle, we examine thermal and optical energies of the hole formation associated with the electron ionization from Mn3+, O2-, and La3+ ions in the LaMnO3 lattice. For these calculations, we derive a phenomenological value for the second electron affinity of oxygen in the LaMnO3 lattice by matching the optical energies of the La4+ and O- hole formation with maxima of binding energies in the experimental photoemission spectra. The calculated thermal energies predict that the electronic hole is marginally more stable in the Mn4+ state in the LaMnO3 host lattice, but the energy of a hole in the O- state is only higher by a small amount, 0.75 eV, suggesting that both possibilities should be treated seriously. We examine the energies of a number of fundamental optical transitions, as well as those involving self-trapped holes of Mn4+ and O- in the LaMnO3 lattice. The reasonable agreement of our predicted energies, linewidths, and oscillator strengths with experimental data leads us to plausible assignments of the optical bands observed. We deduce that the optical band near 5 eV is associated with the O(2p)-Mn(3d) transition of a charge-transfer character, whereas the band near 2.3 eV is rather associated with the presence of Mn4+ and/or O- self-trapped holes in the nonstoichiometric LaMnO3 compound.

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