ЖЭТФ, Том 142,
стр. 719 (Октябрь 2012)
(Английский перевод - JETP,
Vol. 115, No 4,
доступен on-line на www.springer.com
STATISTICAL DERIVATION OF BASIC EQUATIONS OF DIFFUSIONAL KINETICS IN ALLOYS WITH APPLICATION TO THE DESCRIPTION OF DIFFUSION OF CARBON IN AUSTENITE
Vaks V.G., Zhuravlev I.A.
Поступила в редакцию: 26 Февраля 2012
Basic equations of diffusional kinetics in alloys are statistically derived using the master equation approach. To describe diffusional transformations in substitution alloys, we derive the ``quasi-equilibrium'' kinetic equation that generalizes its earlier versions by taking possible ``interaction renormalization'' effects into account. For the interstitial alloys Me-X, we derive an explicit expression for the diffusivity D of an interstitial atom X. This expression notably differs from those used in previous phenomenological treatments. This microscopic expression for D is applied to describe the diffusion of carbon in austenite based on some simple models of carbon-carbon interaction. The results obtained enable us to make certain conclusions about the real form of these interactions and about the scale of the ``transition state entropy'' for diffusion of carbon in austenite.